The SAD or Single Administrative Document is an import or export declaration to the customs authorities that provides information on the product and serves as a basis for the respective tax return. The SAD must at all times accompany merchandise to comply with customs formalities. The exporter should provide it along with its sales invoice to the National Tax Agency to justify the exemption of VAT due to merchandise allocated for export. The importer should pay the amount of the customs debt (VAT and duty) outlined in the SAD to the Governmental Agency.
For both intracommunity deliveries and purchases, all companies must register in advance with the Intracommunity Operators Registry (IOR), called VIES (VAT Information Exchange System), which will provide them with a special VAT ID (NIF) or intracommunity operator number.
The initial term is 3 years though it may be extended, depending on special circumstances.
Merchandise that, after being initially exported outside the customs territory as Union merchandise and reintroduced and stated for release with free circulation within the aforementioned term, is exempt from the payment of import fees.
This is coverage of the transport that covers any potential risks that could have negative consequences both for the merchandise and for the means of transport. The calculation of the insurance is made from the value of the invoice plus some of the cost of the transport.
This is the gross weight of the cargo, including the weight of the material, the packaging and the tare weight of the container. The container shipper is obliged to provide the verified gross weight of the entire container, with a term prior to shipment. There are two ways to obtain it *:
– Weigh the container once the filling and sealing are completed.
– Weigh all the merchandise, including the weight of pallets, packaging and stacking material before filling the container, and then add the tare weight of the container to the total of the merchandise.
* The weight must always be measured with an approved and certified weighing tool.
This is an obligatory and essential document to export to certain countries in Africa. Said document must contain information on both the exporter and the importer, in addition to all the information regarding the shipment (full container, groupage, layovers, type of merchandise and value). All this information that is in the WAIVER must be transferred before the ship’s arrival at the destination port. The process has an additional cost and can be carried out by the exporter and by the importer.
The measurements of the containers, both interior and exterior, vary slightly depending on the shipper and the age of the containers. Taking this into account, a table with approximate measurements can be downloaded below: (link)